Ulun Danu Batur Temple
The Ulun Danu Batur Temple is dedicated to the primary source of water. It is located in a spiritually clean location known as Batur in Balinese. ‘Pura’ means ‘temple,’ ‘Ulun’ means ‘head source,’ ‘Danu’ means ‘water,’ and ‘Batur’ is the name of the mountain and settlement that signifies’spiritually clean’. Ulun Danu Batur Temple, located on the Indonesian island of Bali, is a magnificent example of Balinese architecture.
The temple, which dates from the 17th century, faces the north of the islands. The compound contains a total of nine temples devoted to various major Gods and Goddesses.It has been designated as the source of harmony on the island.
Things To Know Before Visit Batur Temple
Pura Batur Kintamani was formerly located in the village of Karang Anyar or which means a new area located on the southwest slope of Mount Batur itself, and in 1917 Mount Batur erupted and lava flows caused thousands of victims and destroyed Pura Batur which is located on the slopes of Mount Agung. the. Even though it was destroyed, the black lava flow stopped at the gate of Ulun Danu Batur Temple. Since the lava stopped before it reached the temple, the people saw this as a good sign and decided to stay in the area. On April 21, 1926, Mount Batur erupted again, this time destroying the entire village of Karang Anyar. Lava also rushed towards the temple, covering almost the entire complex. Despite the destruction of the village as well as the loss of 1,500 villagers, this level 11 meru temple survived. With the area around Mount Batur declared uninhabitable during the eruption period, the residents of Kalang Anyar village had to relocate. The relocation process was assisted by villagers from surrounding areas, such as Bayung Village, Tunggiran, Kedisan, Buanan, Sekardadi. The Dutch East Indies government sent Bangli regional troops and some prisoners to assist with the relocation. The surviving 11-story shrine is transported to a new location, as well as other important equipment from the temple.
As for the history of this Batur Temple, we can tell based on the relics of the sacred Balinese lontar, where it is written that this Batur Temple is one of the sad khayangan universes (six sacred temple groups) which plays an important role in the stability of the island of Bali. As for the lontars that record several lontars, such as the Widhi Sastra lontar, the Raja Purana lontar and the Babad Pasek Kayu Selem. Apart from being a sad khayangan temple where Batur Temple is also declared a “Kayangan Jagat” temple which is carried out by the general public.
Starting from ancient times where there is the Goddess of Fertility, Dewi Danu. She is the Goddess of the lake water. Mineral-rich water flows from Lake Batur, flows from one rice field to another, slowly descending to the earth. In the lontar Usaha Bali, one of the sacred literatures placed in the temple, there is an ancient legend that describes the arrangement of the throne of Dewi Danu. Where the legend tells that one night at the beginning of the fifth month Margasari Dewa Pasupati (Shiva) moved the peak of Mount Mahameru in India and divided it into two parts. He carried one piece with his left hand and the other with his right. The two halves were brought to the throne. The hemisphere that he carried with his right hand became Mount Agung the throne for his son, Dewa Putranjaya (Mahadewa Shiva) and what he carried with his left hand became Mount Batur the throne of Dewi Danu, the Goddess of Water Lake. This legend makes the largest Mount in Bali and the two symbolic elements of “male and female” (Purasa and Pradana) or the two origins of the manifestation of the source; God (Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa).
Pura Batur is a temple that is very important for the balance of the island of Bali, where inside Pura Batur is a fairly large temple complex, in which there is a complex which consists of 9 temples and then in it there are also approximately 285 pavilions and also temple. In fact, the construction of this temple is specifically a tribute to the gods and goddesses of fertility, then the water gods, the gods of art, and many more. When you visit this Batur Temple you will be presented with a very fantastic view where the beauty of the majestic Batur Mountain and the beautiful Batur Lake, seems to greet you when visiting this Kintamani Batur Temple. And coupled with the uniqueness of the statues in the temple area, it adds to the impression that it is very beautiful and very religious. If you happen to pass by Kintamani village, it would be nice to stop at Batur Temple to see the beauty of Batur Temple with a very beautiful background of Mount Batur and Lake Batur.